What is a Post Tensioned Tendon
A post tensioned tendon is a bundle of steel strands encased in grouted concrete and wrapped in a protective sheathing and then tensioned. Post tensioning is a tehnique for reinforcing concrete.
According to Concretenetwork “Post tensioning is a technique for reinforcing concrete. Post-tensioning tendons, which are prestressing steel cables inside plastic ducts or sleeves, are positioned in the forms before the concrete is placed. Afterwards, once the concrete has gained strength but before the service loads are applied, the cables are pulled tight, or tensioned, and anchored against the outer edges of the concrete.”
Without post tension tendons large slabs of concrete would crack and collapse under load. Post tensioned tendons are used in bridge construction, building construction, box girder roadways, tennis courts, dams and other large concrete structures.
Once in place grouted post tension tendons are succeptible to corrosion and deterioration. Many of these external post tension tendons that are in our bridges are exposed to chloride, air, salt water and other elements that can aid in their corrosion. Regular inspections are imperative to keeping the structure and the traveling public safe.
Up till now almost all post tension tendon inspections continue to be manual and subjective in nature with very little quantitative data. Infrastructure Preservation Corporation’s has developed TendonScan®.
TendonScan® is a service that utilizes advanced magnetic flux leakage nondestructive testing technology combined with robotics and interpretation software to peer through an external post tension tendon and provide the asset manager with an advanced condition assessment report to help budget for maintenance.
According to FHWA The MFL (Magnetic Flux Leakage) methods can be used to detect the location and extent of corrosion in post-tensioned and precast prestressed strands in concrete girders, and breakage of wires and strands in post-tensioning tendons and pre-stressing strands.
MFL is also commonly used to test the cables of suspension or cable stayed bridges. MFL units can be clamped onto a cable as part of a climbing module or rolled across a surface.
Where most mfl units cannot provide proper data for post tension tendons. IPC’s TendonScan® was specifically callibrated with software written for the inspection of external post tension tendons.
Perfectly tuned to external post tension tendons, the software shows location and percentage of loss of metallic area.
The unit has a speed indicator and high intensity LED headlamps for dark box girders and an indicator when an issue is present. Wireless, Portable and Accurate.
Potable, light weight, wireless and accurate. IPC’s TendonScan® will locate loss of metallic area inside an external post tension tendon.
According to The Subcommittee Magnetic Processes for Pre-stressing Steel Breakage Detection of the Technical Committee for NDT in Construction of the German Society for Non-Destructive Testing deals with the further development and dissemination of the procedure.
“Statements about the condition of prestressed steel reinforcements are not only important for ensuring the stability and usability of structures under known load levels but also for the conversion and renovation of structures. With the prestressing steel breakage detection based on MFL technique it is possible to make nondestructive test statements. It is essential to coordinate with the client regarding the possibilities and limits of the respective examination task”
Without designing a system and conducting the testing for a specific component the nondestructive testing technology by itself will not give you the results required to properly assess the structural item in question. Although the technology by itself is know to work. Every structure being inspected is constructed differently. Even the grout being used today changes from batch to batch and manufacturer to manufacturer. IPC (Infrastructure Preservation Corporation) specially configured software can provide results long before a tendon needs to be repaired or replaced. Deterioration progression over time on additional inspections can help asset managers better budget for maintenance and repairs.
A research article written by Seunghee Park and Changgill Lee offers the Principals of Magnetic Flux Leakage to help explain.
Principle of Magnetic Flux Leakage
2.2. Magnetic Flux Leakage-Based Local Fault Damage Detection Technique
Advanced Robotic Bridge Inspections provide more quantitative data to better budget for maintenance an repairs.
Robotic Non Destructive Testing Blog
Update Post Tension Tendon Inspections with MRI-like inspection of external “post-tensioned” tendons using TendonScan®® WHAT IS A POST TENSION TENDON? Post tensioned tendons are prestressing steel
Know when to replace your wire rope. Robotic wire rope inspection